Dr. Ir. Afton Atabany, M.Si (Head of CENTRAS: LPPM IPB University):”Livestock Cluster Training”
Aug 5, 2021 09:00 AM Jakarta
In order to strengthen food security and broaden knowledge in the field of animal husbandry, IPB University conducts livestock cluster training for the IPB University community and the general public. Dr. Ir. Afton Atabany as Head of CENTRAS as a speaker in the training. The invitation for the webinar is as follows. “https://ipb-university.zoom.us/j/92562318558?pwd=SVVYdDBkT2o2Y3REZzEwOEQwT3hpZz09”. Meeting ID: 925 6231 8558 Passcode: astraipb
Center For Tropical Animal Studies (CENTRAS) – LPPM IPB University collaborating with PRAMUKA designing “Serial Discussion on Animal Welfare”
At the Webinar activity “Animal Welfare Serial Discussion #1” which was held on Monday 15 February 2021 at 16.00-17.30, Deddy Cahyadi Sutarman, STP.MM as Secretary of CENTRAS representing the Head of CENTRAS (Dr. Ir. Afton Attabany M.Si) opened the event webinar by conveying the condition of animal welfare which currently has not optimally received protection from the government. Existing regulations have not been able to properly trap lawbreakers and have not been able to cause a deterrent effect. The first speaker Dr. Eko Sugeng Pribadi, M.Sc., DVM (As Chair of the CENTRAS Advisory Board and Expert in Medical Microbiology, Environmental Microbiology FKH-IPB) gave a related explanation: diseases from cats that can be suffered by humans including the characteristics, symptoms, and types of microorganisms that become the cause of infection and various alternatives in controlling the cat population. The second speaker, Laurien M. Islamy (Scouting Friends of Animals) gave various experiences in socialization and education activities carried out by Scouts for animal friends. In the discussion through the webinar, Johan Purnama BScV, M.Sc, DVM and Rangga Wisnu BSc. Hum as CENTRAS Researcher explained the need for understanding and campaigning about the relationship between animal welfare and zoonotic diseases that can harm humans. Results from the webinar of “Animal Welfare Serial Discussion # 1; covering: 1. High frequencies on sadistic animal abuse showing off that the Indonesian community has a very low level on the animal welfare implementation, the existing laws have not given deterrent effect on perpetrators of animal violence. 2. Zoonotic diseases connecting with low level animal welfare needs to be understood by more parties, since the risk to human being is very high. 3. Population control is needed to prevent stray pet animal becoming pests, animal welfare principles must be considered. 4. Early age education on animal welfare clearly needed for Indonesian kids. 5. Implementation of animal welfare in Indonesia already started years ago, but the activist movement is still scattered. A national coalition forum is needed for the sake of parliamentary approaches to strengthen Animal Welfare Laws. 6. CENTRAS as an academic scientific research institution will stood as backup on scientific approaches for animal welfare implementation. 7. Massive campaign on animal welfare by national Institution such as PRAMUKA is really needed regarding the relationship of implementation of animal welfare and zoonotic diseases.
Dr. Ir. Afton Atabany, M.Si(Head of CENTRAS: LPPM IPB University) Gives His View That Meat Self-Sufficiency Is Achieved in 2026
The Head of the Center for Tropical Animal Studies (CENTRAS) LPPM IPB University (Dr Afton Atabany) is a Lecturer at the Faculty of Animal Science at IPB University, who was one of the speakers at the Indonesian Young Entrepreneurs Association Dialogue Forum (HIPMI), (29/3/2021). In the activity with the theme “The High Price of Beef and Buffalo, what is the solution?” In this case, Dr Afton gave his view on the phenomenon of rising prices for beef and buffalo. In his presentation, Dr Afton provided short and long term solution scenarios to be input for the decisions of the House of Representatives (DPR).
“The scenario for the short term is firstly reconditioning cattle (additional costs), meaning that the cows come and are reared for recovery, thereby increasing costs, secondly reducing meat shrinkage in transportation (depreciation can reach 30 percent) and fattening in livestock source areas. Lastly, there is no live cattle transportation, so the cattle or livestock sent to the city/consumer are already frozen meat. So here it is necessary to educate consumers, especially housewives, that frozen meat is healthy,” he said.
The long term solution is “Breeding is Leading”. According to him, if Indonesia does not prepare the beef cattle breeding industry, it will forever depend on the supply of meat from abroad. The power of breeding will not only strengthen the livestock industry but also strengthen other sectors.
According to him, programs that can be carried out in breeding include agribusiness (partnership patterns), production systems (proven applied technology), markets (supplier collaboration), cross breed Bali or local cattle with Angus, Limmosin and Simmental cattle, feed provision (integration). , and the market (supplier cooperation).
“The solution that can be done now, in the short and long term, is the first to face Eid, importing frozen meat from abroad or domestically. The second involves entrepreneurs, cooperatives and associations. Third, breeding local cattle or cross cattle with intensification and extensification patterns integrated with plantations, forestry and agriculture,” he continued.
According to him, Indonesia can achieve meat self-sufficiency in 2026 if there is an increase (production) of four percent per year, with a cattle population of 37 million heads. This must be balanced with an increase in the number of breeders in Indonesia, one of the ways is by facilitating livestock graduates to raise 100 heads, also being given incentives and others. In addition, livestock births must reach 70 percent and mother deaths around 30 percent.
In addition to Dr Afton, this activity also presented Luluk Nur Hamidah as Member of Commission IV of the Indonesian House of Representatives, Joni Liano from the Association of Indonesian Beef Cattle Farmers (GAPUSPINDO), Harry Warganegara as President Director of PT. Berdikari (Persero), Ishana Mahes as the Indonesian Meat Processing Industry Association (NAMPA) and Ir Ahmad Hadi as the Indonesian Meat Distributor Association (ipb.ac.id)
Center For Tropical Animal Studies (CENTRAS) – Food Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) : “Promote good practices on the prudent use of antimicrobials and infection prevention and control to reduce the rate of antimicrobial resistance in targeted poultry production areas in Indonesia”.
IPB University as an institution of higher education that score agricultural beings care a lot about the changes that occur today and are concerned for a larger role in anticipating future condition.This concern is manifested in the establishment of a Center for Tropical Animal Studies (CENTRAS)-IPB University with its activity is focused on handling an integrated tropical animals and livestock in Indonesia.
CENTRAS and Food Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) signed Letter of Agreement on 13 October 2020 for provision of “Promote good practices on the prudent use of antimicrobials and infection prevention and control to reduce the rate of antimicrobial resistance in targeted poultry production areas in Indonesia”.
CENTRAS has supported the Team and has carried out a intensive survey as there was not much time available for the Team to complete this work. The Team faced several handicaps, however they could be overcome in the field.
The Activity was carried out to observe evidence-based interventions, innovations, and methodologies on farm components, and the current state of adherence of poultry farms to GAHP. CENTRAS conducts in-depth interviews for evidence-based intervention, innovations, and methodologies in farm. Correlation analysis was used to obtain an assessment of the strength of the livestock component variables on the implementation of GAHP on the observed farms.
The variables that have a strong influence on the management of layer farms are waste management, personnel hygiene, transportion, water quality and water treatment, and surveilance and diseases control. The variables that have a strong influence on the management of broiler farms are water quality and water treatment, farm layout, transportation, housing, and personnel.
The NKV Program, which is a mandatory Government Program for layer farms, is an encouragement for layer farms to fulfill the components required by the NKV. The obligation of laying farm to obtain NKV during operation causes a number of variables to be addressed by the Government. This situation causes more variables in layer farms that have a stronger influence on the delivery of GAHP than the variables in broiler farms. Broiler farms are not a target of the NKV Program.
There are other parties who also play a role in improving livestock management so that a number of variables have a strong influence on the implementation of GAHP. They are manufacturing/distributor of veterinary medicines and vaccines, feedmill companies, and DOC manufacturing companies. They provide technical guidance to layer breeders especially to improve aspects related to their products and business.
Several variables have a strong influence on the implementation of GAHP. These variables must be maintained and developed by the farmer in order to be the key of good management on farm. Meanwhile, variables that have a weak influence, or may not have had an effect yet, should be of concern to farmers. They have to improve all the facilities and infrastructure on their farms so that variables involved are part of a strong influence.
The Activity recommends the Agri-WASH sector in terms of (i) the application of water quality and treatment; (ii) sanitation and hygiene; and (iii) waste management.